Oral health

Risk factors for oral diseases include unhealthy diet, tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, and poor oral hygiene.

Oral health is essential to general health and quality of life.

It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infection and sores, periodontal (gum) disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual’s capacity in biting, chewing, smiling, speaking, and psychosocial wellbeing (World Health Organisation, 2017).

Overall health/Well being

Education and development of children
Families and communities

Chewing Talking
Cleft lip and palate

Treatment Expectations
Satisfaction Oral Health/Oral Symptoms
Mouth and facial pain Oral and throat cancer
Oral sores Gum disease
Tooth loss/decay Diseases and disorders
Prevention and treatment

The burden of oral diseases and other chronic diseases can be decreased simultaneously by addressing common risk factors, including:

  • Decreasing sugar intake and maintaining a well-balanced nutritional intake to prevent tooth decay and premature tooth loss
  • Consuming fruit and vegetables that can protect against oral cancer
  • Stopping tobacco use and decreasing alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of oral cancers, periodontal disease and tooth loss
  • Ensuring proper oral hygiene
  • Using protective sports and motor vehicle equipment to reduce the risk of facial injuries; and
    safe physical environments